The HIV Health Guide

We can cure people with various diseases such as hepatitis C and malaria. However, it seems like HIV is something out of the ordinary. A lot of people with the disease are suffering from life struggles. These include the constant changes in their lifestyle, the physical discomforts, the frequent exposure to stress, the buildup of anxiety and depression, and a lot more. Sometimes, family and friends’ relationship gets affected too due to patients’ constant emotional imbalance caused by the condition. Though the situation is now accepted widely, there are still a lot of people who don’t seem to take it fondly. And by that, adherence is an essential thing that HIV patients can do to ensure that their therapy is effective.



HIV’s cause of transmission is through the exchange of bodily fluids, having unprotected sex, and getting contact with contaminated needles. The virus does not disseminate through the air, water, of casual skin to skin contact. The disease affects all individuals with any sexual orientation, race, age, gender, and status. It infects cells that are part of the immune system inside the body. It targets the T-cells that mainly defend the body against fungal and bacterial infections.


HIV is a retrovirus. Meaning, it can create its genetic codes inside the body’s system from the infected cells and makes more copies of itself. During its first stage, the virus replicates and destroys the functional cells in the process. By this, patients often experience flu-like symptoms. It’s not typically a mortal danger though. But if the manifestation ranges from a few months to several years, it can be a terrible situation. Though in this period patients may feel and look completely healthy, the virus continues to replicate and destroy T-cells. And when it drops too low, there’s a more significant chance of patients contacting more severe and dangerous infections that the immune system will no longer be able to handle. When it reached that level, it now becomes an acquired immune deficiency syndrome or most commonly known as AIDS.


HIV Treatment Guide

Treatments of HIV have come a long way since its discovery in 1983. Several drug therapies can help HIV patients while scientists are still finding out the cure for the virus. These medications can help patients to live long and experience life despite their condition. With the right therapy, people can expect healthy lives and are much less likely to infect others.

Antiretroviral Drugs

It is one of the primary and effective therapies for HIV as of today. There are classes of antiretroviral drugs, and these include NRTI, NNRTI, Protease Inhibitors, Entry or Fusion Inhibitors and Integrase Inhibitors. Antiretroviral drugs work by explicitly targeting the infecting virus that already damaged the body’s cell. Though it somehow seems compelling, it still cannot eliminate the totality of HIV in the human system. But they can keep the virus levels or also known as “viral loads” in a manageable state to prevent HIV in progressing to AIDS. Many of these drugs interrupt to stop the virus from creating and replicating copies of itself. Other drugs stop HIV from spreading in the body by blocking the virus from attacking and docking on healthy cells.


Unlike before, early HIV positive patients are given a handful of prescription pills throughout the day. But now, some drugs come together as a “once-daily pill.” That is because taking medicine a day makes it more convenient to adhere to HIV medication. Since many of these drugs work against HIV differently, these drugs are often in a blended form. It prevents the virus from developing resistance and from rendering ineffective treatment.

The Drugs’ Side Effect

Yes, these drugs are helping patients and stop HIV from progressing. However, some side effects need consideration. The most common side effect of retroviral drugs is vomiting, nausea, fatigue, diarrhea, dizziness, and weakness. There are also instances that some patients may develop skin rashes as well. With all these symptoms, doctors may prescribe medicines or recommend certain lifestyle changes to combat these side effects. These include proper diet, regular exercise, and drug supplements. In some unfortunate circumstances, patients undergoing HIV treatment experience other uncommon side effects. These include the imbalance of sugar and lipid in the blood. There’s also an instance of bone loss, and even abnormal fat distribution in the neck, belly, arms, or face.

Working closely with a professional doctor can help mitigate these potential side effects. However, people should understand that there is no direct solution to this condition. No treatment works accurately with different individuals because every person’s needs are different from one another. So talking and seeking professional advice is a must. With proper diagnosis and applied treatment for the condition, side effects, resistance, and incorporation of the remedy into patients’ daily lives can entirely help them find the best regimen to keep HIV in a manageable state.

Anxiety And Depression Of HIV Patients

The real challenges of having HIV are not just about the known facts of its physical damage but also its emotional and mental impacts as well. When people feel depressed or stressed due to their condition, they often stop doing things they used to love. Sometimes, they even avoid stuff that makes them feel good. They lose interest in living their lives because they somehow think that there’s nothing more to it anymore. They often let their current state take over the things that they once managed accordingly. Continue reading “Anxiety And Depression Of HIV Patients”

Senior High School HIV Awareness Program

A lot of organizations of both government and non-government sectors are working hand in hand in solving the problems related to HIV or AIDS. Multimillionaires and billionaires support these organizations with one goal in mind – to find a cure for the deadly epidemic that has caused the loss of millions of lives since its discovery. The Centre for Life is one of the organizations that push for this endeavor of finding the solution.


HIV/AIDS And Youths

A long time ago, the lack of proper education about the disease caused the widespread epidemic, which resulted in a high toll of death in the 1990s up until 2004. That’s why different groups from all over the world implemented the National Awareness Program to inform and reach out to all high school students about the effects of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The program aims for early education about the signs and symptoms and possible dangers of HIV and AIDS. It helps in raising awareness about how the infection can change a person’s life so people can develop a certain level of precautionary measures.

Part of the goal of the organization’s program to suppress the effects of HIV is to conduct informative speeches on the subjects of HIV and AIDS to high school students. The process focuses on covering ongoing existing crucial gaps for individual and public health. They also opened some options for possible patients to execute whenever the infection starts to develop.


First At Hand

It has been noted for more than a decade now that scientific and educational institutions should introduce sex education into the school’s curriculum to educate the younger generation at a very early age. Greece is one of the countries that conduct the awareness program. Around thirteen districts in Greece participate in the mass information drive about HIV and AIDS. That’s during the whole academic year of 2017 and 2018. As the program leads towards public information, the National School of Public Health and the instructive suitability conduct a discussion with the Institute of Educational Policy so they can process the proper session of the youth’s educational sexual orientation. The staff that will handle the students are the best of the best HIV or AIDS researchers since they have broad experience in dealing with the infection. No doubt it ensures the quality of education imparted to the senior high school students.

The initiative for educating the youth population comes with a nationwide permit from the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs. Their leaders started the implementation inside the organization circle. Although there are needed steps to complete the program, experts are finding ways to make the information drive become an official activity.

The significant part of the population, most especially the student and youth sector, has little to no knowledge about the risk factors of sexually transmitted diseases. This is why most of them ignore the importance of protecting themselves during sexual activities. And due to social exclusion and stigmatization of people living with patients positive with HIV and AIDS, the considerable number continue to exist. Because of the continuously increasing number of youth with HIV/AIDS cases, the health organizations, world government, and local authorities want to prioritize conducting proper information drive through curriculum-based sexual education.


The world health organization’s draw of HIV prevention program for the senior high school aims to provide authentic information about the current danger, adapted from the modern scientific data concerning the HIV infections. It focuses on highlighting the raised awareness for the necessity of the public, as well as safeguarding future generations from HIV and AIDS. The program will somehow try to eliminate the stereotypes and fight the stigma that is linked with these controversial diseases.

African American HIV And AIDS Awareness (Counseling Discussion)



The Human Immunodeficiency Virus has become a worldwide problem. Every year, thousands of people from all over the world get infected with it. Still, a lot of scientists and doctors in the medical field can’t seem to find a cure for the virus. Although some of the cases of AIDS/HIV diagnosis have come down a bit, there are still a significant number of unrecorded and undiagnosed instances.

The effects of HIV may develop into AIDS which is a life-threatening condition. The issue of HIV has been spreading like wildfire in the different races. However, most data shows that the majority of the recorded cases are from people with color or the black community. That is why every year, individuals and organization across the nation take part in the National Black HIV/AIDS awareness day. This event endeavors to promote testing, HIV education, community involvement and treatment in black communities.


The Unnoticeable Details

Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC shows that the African Americans have a higher number of cases of HIV diagnosis. These data include the comparison from other ethnicities and races of those living with HIV and those who receive a diagnosis of AIDS. That is a significantly big chunk of the infected cases belonging in the African American communities. Most reported cases of its phenomena are due to male to male sexual contacts and some instances of injection from drug use.

There is a 48 percent, or 8,702 of diagnosed AIDS cases in the United States and these are all coming from the African American community. That’s during 2015. The year before that, there was a report that 53 percent of the total death toll from HIV and AIDS were on the said race. There are 17,528 African Americans with an HIV diagnosis in the United States alone. From that number, more than half or 58 percent of the positive diagnosed cases were bisexual and gay men.


The Social And Organizational Interventions

Because of marginalized reported cases of HIV/AIDS, the African American decent Trans-NIH launched its plan for HIV-related research in the early quarter of 2018. The NIH or National Institute of Health Office of AIDS research or OAR prioritizes to prevent, treat and possibly cure HIV/AIDS. The ultimate focus of the National Institute of Health research is to understand better and analyze the relationship between HIV and ethnicity and race.

It is quite noticeable that the lack of awareness of HIV status gives a significant contribution to higher HIV risk, especially those undetected cases were patients cannot take advantage of HIV treatment and care and may dangerously pass the virus unknowingly. Since there are many challenges that contribute to the higher number of HIV infected African Americans, it connotes a greater possibility of spreading the virus. African Americans tend to have sex with the same ethnicity, hence multiplying the probability of increasing the risk of being infected.

There are records that some African American communities experienced higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases or STDs compared to other ethnic communities present in the United States. Having STD increases the chances of developing or transmitting the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Homophobia, fear, and discrimination may put the African Americans at a higher risk of getting HIV. Also, poverty among this race has caused some people to bypass proper health care and treatment.

The CDC is continuing its pursuit in developing and providing proper care and treatment to the African American community. Partnered with adequate information dissemination among the racial group, they are confident to administer help in areas and community that requires specific attention.


HIV Infection (What You Need To Know)


The primary driver of the racial disparities in HIV infection among men with homosexual relationships is the lack of awareness about the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV infection. The assessment of the lack of knowledge is by comparing the HIV test result to self-reported HIV positive cases. This measure subjects to biased reports, so the alternatives are desperately needed.

Behind The Details

Over the past ten years, men with homosexual relationships (such as gays and bisexual men) are the only group in the United States in which the HIV incidence continuously increases. According to reports, more recent incidents concentrate more among young men who have sex with men or MSM in the black community. Recorded data shows that black MSM has over twice the prevalence of HIV than white men.

According to the HIV Prevention Trials Network, their record shows that MSM with color experience an HIV incidence rate of over five times of that of white MSM. The reason for these racial disparities in HIV incidence among MSM is still not apparent, but absolute differences in individual-level risk factors likely do not account for the observed discrepancy. Due to this condition, it becomes one of the primary contributors of racial discrimination among the infected patients since more men in color are infected than those white men.


Additional Information

The disparity case of Atlanta is one example of why men with color who do MSM are pointed out to be a big factor to the widespread of HIV because people always show the same pattern. The United States concludes that the city is eighth among the countries with the highest rate of new HIV diagnoses and the fourth highest number of newly diagnosed MSM. Therefore, reports conclude that the most abundant group living with HIV is in Atlanta. According to the recent data, as much as 60 percent of HIV infected in the city is from the MSM group. However, the black community in Atlanta only comprises 30 percent of the city’s overall population.

Researchers view that the difference in awareness between the black and white MSM groups concerning HIV infection is a great contributor to the worlds growing numbers. About 20 percent of the person infected in the US with HIV is unaware of their condition, and the problem is that they account for about 49 percent of the transmission of infection.

As some organizations have begun the information and awareness drive with HIV and AIDS, the public responds with undergoing proper testing. Most of them are getting healthcare support and adequate treatment to suppress the virus. This change of heart has resulted in the reduction of cases per year.

The HIV monitoring projects and research studies use a similar set of testing history questions to define self-reported cases. Lack of awareness of the virus becomes the study-delivered testing result. However, some reports show that the authenticity of the self-reported steps may be questionable for some groups of MSM. That’s because the process remains a mystery whether the measures of its validity may differ by the participant color. However, despite the fact of the doubtful procedure, more experts assume that the combination of traditional surveys, proper public health monitoring, and laboratory tests could improve the measurement awareness of HIV infection among men with color and white MSM.


Some methods increase the awareness of HIV. There’s a study involving taking precautionary measures designed for examination of the factors that may contribute to the disparities in HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. From there, preventive methods should be included. It is necessarily helpful to get involved and understand the facts about HIV.

HIV Awareness Among Women


HIV is a growing global epidemic that disproportionately affects women in many regions. Data today shows that women constitute for more than half of all living people positive with HIV or AIDS and other related cases. AIDS-related illnesses remain as the leading cause of death among them with the age bracket of 15 to 44.

The Related Cases

Young women within the age bracket of 10 to 24 years old are twice as likely to get infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). As compared to young men with the same age, girls and women with HIV are more vulnerable to the said infection due to the created different social, cultural and economic stature. Women and young girls’ uncooperative attitude toward sex outside of marriage and their limited social autonomy drastically decreases their ability to get treatment, sexual health care, and other HIV services.

In 2016, new records of infections have been discovered among women with the age bracket of 15 to 24. Data shows that this number of infected women is about 44 percent higher than infected men. In eastern and southern Africa, women encompass about 26 percent of the total cases of new HIV positive individuals. That is true even though women in Africa are only about 10 percent of the total population there. Approximately 7,500 women per week get infected with HIV every single week making them the most vulnerable prey to its deathly impact.


It’s All In The Records

According to reports in eastern and southern Africa, young women will probably be infected with HIV earlier than their male counterparts. That is seven years to be exact. In 2015 alone, there were on average 4,500 new HIV cases among women reported every week. That is essentially double the number of infected males.

The condition in western and central Africa is even worst. That is due to the 64 percent of young women with new HIV diagnosis. Some of the cities of Africa were reported to have girls with age 15-19 to be infected five years earlier than the boys in the same area. However, in regions like Asia and Europe, the population infected with HIV is due to the use of injection by which the majority of the infected is male. However, women are still not exempted from getting the virus in the same situation.

Women and young girls are particularly affected by HIV. That is because of some harmful traditions and practices, intimate sexual partner violence, the unequal power dynamic among man and women, and discriminatory laws. All of these are factors that contribute to the demise of most women. Some of the common factors associated to women being infected with HIV are lack of access to proper education, lack of access to health care, gender-based violence, extreme poverty, partner maltreatment, prostitution and transactional sex, the sugar daddy culture, child marriage, and biological factors.


The Intervention

All over the world, adult women are more likely to get access to antiretroviral treatment than men. Some community clinics provide PMTCT services to pregnant women. It is efficient and effective in a lot of ways. However, despite the progress PMTCT delivers, some cases are still left untreated due to non-diagnosis.

CDC has given the signal to provide HIV testing among women and young adolescents to plan proper treatment and control measures. They believe that a lot of institutions can take actions that can minimize the transmission of HIV. However, there are still more significant things to deal with to reduce gender inequality and violence that women and adolescent girls at high risk of HIV often face in society.




HIV And The Youth


The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus that develops into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) over time. This particular virus only infects human beings by taking over a healthy cell and attacks its essential function in the body. Since HIV is a virus, it reproduces and destroys enough host cells. With that, the immune system can no longer fight diseases that cause a life-threatening situation for the infected individual.

The Unstoppable Spread Among The Youth

There’s a need for a low-level virus in a body. It is a suppressed viral load that makes a person stay healthy. This low-level non-harmful virus minimizes the risk of transmitting the deadly HIV to other individuals. However, the youth has the potential to at least get associated with care in the wrong virus since they don’t have the capacity for immune limits.

Among all the age groups, the most uncontrolled bracket when it comes to viral suppression is the youth ages 13 to 24. It is almost 21 percent of all new HIV cases in the US. About 81 percent of those new diagnoses occurred among bisexual men and young gay men.


The Recent Data

From the year 2010 to 2015, the estimated annual HIV infection in youth has declined to about 24 percent. In 2016, 8,451 youths have received an HIV diagnosis in the United States alone. 86 percent of those are composed of young people with the age bracket 20 to 24. Among those diagnoses are the youth with infections attributed from male to male sexual contact.

Records also show that about 25 percent or 1,687 are Hispanics, 54 percent or 3,719 cases are African American, and 16 percent or 1,094 are white Americans. Only 5 percent for other ethnicities are there in records, and about four percent of infection among youths is from heterosexual contact. The attributed three percent are from male to male sexual interaction and 1 percent from injection and drug use alone.

HIV diagnosis among youths remained stable over 2011 to 2015. It is due to the insufficient knowledge in HIV testing efforts among the youth. At the end of 2015, over 60,300 youth were living with HIV in the US. Among the youth living with HIV cases, only 41 percent received proper health care.


The World Health Concerns

According to CDC’s 2016 School Health profiles, sexual health education varies from school to school in the United States. Reports also show that the introduction to sex education on early learning gets refused in schools’ curriculum. That’s why the percentage of schools that provide proper knowledge about HIV prevention decreased drastically from 64 percent to only 41 percent in the year 2014.

However, the good news is that CDC funds the state, community-based organizations, and the local health units to implement and develop prevention programs for HIV. It is primarily in areas where HIV is most significant. CDC will allocate various health departments approximately $400 million per year to focus on monitoring and prevention efforts. Back in 2017, the CDC awarded the community-based organization around $11 million and promised to continue allocating the budget for the next five years. The financial support aims to provide proper HIV testing to bisexual men, young gay and transgender youths of color. The funding goal is to identify those undiagnosed cases.

HIV replicates and kills T-cells, which are a significant factor in an individual’s immune system. So to address the HIV scene in the youth, the government or other non-government organizations should give them access to tools and information that provides them with proper treatment and healthy decision-making and counseling that may help to reduce the given risks.


HIV And Its Global Epidemic


HIV remains to be one of the most significant and deadly pandemics of the world. If it develops further, it transforms into a much more dangerous form of the disease which is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or much commonly known as AIDS.

Historical Assimilation

According to ancient studies, the earliest case of HIV is from a blood sample of a man from the Democratic Republic of Congo. There is an old belief that that the most common form of the virus was from a chimpanzee. Generations of people link to the spread of HIV among the African American community from the results of bust meat trading. Since during the hunting process, people believe that the contact with the chimpanzee’s blood is the primary reason for getting infected.

During the era of the 1980s, some researchers estimated that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infects around 100,000 to 300,000 people. Robert Rayford, a 16-year-old teenager, was the first-known American carrier of the disease. But according to him, he claimed that he has never been away from the Midwest and has never received a blood transfusion before he got the infection. Due to this data, researchers implied that the HIV might have been around the United States way before 1966.


Latest Known Records

Today, according to the most recent data gathering, there are approximately 36.9 million people around the world who has tested positive with HIV. Only 21.7 million people have access to antiretroviral therapy. During early 2017, around 1.8 million people got infected. Data shows that from AIDS-related illnesses, there were approximately 940,000 people who died in 2017 alone, and countless millions of people died since the beginning of the outbreak.

Tuberculosis remains to be the leading cause of death among those who are infected with HIV. TB accounts for around one in three AIDS-related deaths. 10.4 million people developed TB in 2016, and about 1.2 million are HIV positive patients.

Fortunately, the newly found medicines and improved techniques have reduced the effects of the HIV. The cases of HIV infections decreased its number by around 47 percent since the year 1996. As recorded in 2017, there are approximately 1.8 million new HIV infections compared to the 3.4 million infections in 1996. That is a considerable drop in records. Since the year 2010, new HIV infections dropped into an estimated 16 percent. That is roughly from 1.9 million down to 1.6 million in the year 2017.


There’s also a reported case of reduced AIDS/HIV-related deaths that went down into 51 percent since its peak in 2004. In 2017 there were an estimated 940,000 worldwide who died from AIDS-related cases compared to nearly 1.9 million in the year 2010. That’s a significant margin of the death toll of AIDS from 2010 to 2017.

In 2017, only a few people living with the disease knew their condition. Therefore, it brings the data to 25% of HIV positive undiagnosed patients. Among that 75 percent of people, around 79 percent has accessed and integrated proper treatment. And among those with access to treatment, there was only a small percentage of the suppressed case. About 7000 young women aged 15 to 24 get infected with HIV. According to researchers, women are twice more likely to suffer from HIV infection compared to their male counterparts.

In 2017, there’s an allotted $21.3 billion for middle and low-income countries such as Africa. And according to UNAIDS, there’s another $26.2 billion needed in response for AIDS in the year 2020. That’s a marginalized budget that requires the specific function to reduce or even suppress the stability of HIV and AIDS-related cases.